NPA country programme
In 2012 NPA signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Government of Zimbabwe which mandates it to survey and clear three (3) of the five (5) minefields being Leacon Hill to Sheba Forrest minefield, Burma Valley minefield and Rusitu to Muzite minefield. The total size of the three minefields was 16.7 million square meters. This MoU was renewed for an additional five (5) year period in December 2015. Zimbabwe has also requested international support for establishing a mine action centre (structures and procedures), capacity building, survey and clearance.
The NPA Humanitarian Disarmament Program in Zimbabwe was established in August 2012 to assist the government of Zimbabwe to clear all mined areas under its jurisdiction. NPA’s intervention in Zimbabwe aims to assist the government to more rapidly restore safe access to land, reduce the number of mine victims, promote infrastructure development, spur economic growth, and allow safe border crossing.NPA’s intervention is currently releasing land for use by communities/authorities along the border, allowing them to engage in their planned and day to day activities such as safe patrolling of the border, farming, access to clean water, access schools in closer proximity to their villages, grazing livestock as well as cross-border interaction without the threat of accidents which may result in loss of a limb or life.
NPA’s activities predominantly focused on clearance using manual clearance teams and Mine Detections dogs (MDD). NPA introduced a mine detection dog (MDD) team which was accredited by the national authorities, the Zimbabwe Mine Action Centre (ZIMAC). The concept was officially approved as part of demining tool box in 2018. The MDD has increased productivity by approximately 25% since its introduction.
NPA Humanitarian Disarmament (HD) has managed to clear 4.8 Million sq. meters and cancelled 695K sq. meters and destroyed 21,744 AP mines. The remaining contamination is estimated to be at 11.9 million sq. meters. The NPA HD program plans is to finish clearance by 2024. The Burma valley mine field was cleared and handed over in 2015 and 253 households have benefited from the cleared land.